Nabta Playa: Mapping distances to other galaxies?



So far we have looked at two of the three layers for just one of the megalithic structure at Nabta Playa.  (Yes, there are more of these mysterious formations in the area–thirty, in fact.)

We have looked at the stone circle–the stone calendar on the top layer– and at a sculpture that may show the declination (movement) of the Galactic Center over the precessional cycle of 26,000 years.

The third and last layer is even more intriguing as it seems to be a map of our Galaxy.

Similar to the Sphinx at Giza, this is a bedrock sculpture–it is carved into the bedrock and, therefore, is not a separate piece of stone that could have been moved from elsewhere.

This bedrock sculpture is a stone disk and Thomas Brophy tells us there is another stone disk that could also represent the Milky Way–this one at Newgrange in Ireland.  (I could find no other reference to this.)

Here is the intriguing part:

The map of the galaxy is not from the perspective of earth.  It is from the perspective of a point in the heavens we have labeled the north galactic pole.  That point is not arbitrary. It is one designation in the galactic coordinate system which Wikipedia defines as, “a celestial coordinate system … with the Sun as its center, the primary direction aligned with the approximate center of the Milky Way galaxy, and the fundamental plane approximately in the galactic plane.” In other words, it is a system based on logic and it would be reasonable for anyone with knowledge of the galaxy to invent it and to use it.

While much of what is depicted on the Nabta Playa galaxy map could be observed with naked-eye astronomy, there are pieces that could not.  For instance the Sagittarius Dwarf Galaxy was not discovered until 1994. And that galaxy, it seems, is where our solar system comes from. Literally.


Picture from (original source unknown.)


And it is not just that our galaxy  and the entering Sagittarius Dwarf Galaxy are depicted, but all the features on the bedrock sculpture are depicted to scale.  Much like the monoliths on the top layer that align to the rising stars of Orion. (Their distances from center are proportional to their distances from earth.)

There is more:

The formation we have been discussing, “Complex Structure A” or CSA, is but one formation on the Nabta Playa.

“Complex Structure B” (CSB)  has also been excavated and there is a bedrock sculpture under that one, too. It has an uncanny resemblance to our nearest neighbor, the Andromeda Galaxy.  And the distance from CSA to CSB is proportional to the distance from our Galaxy to the Andromeda Galaxy.

Each of the thirty structures on the Nabta Playa seems to have its own bedrock. Hopefully one day our ground penetrating radar satellite technology will be good enough to tell us whether these, too, are sculptures and, if so, what they depict. Other Galaxies?



Brophy, Thomas G. (2002). The Origin Map: Discovery of Prehistoric, Megalithic, Astrophysical Map and Sculpture of the Universe. Lincoln, NE: Writers Club Press. (This one is very technical.)


Bauval, Robert & Brophy, PhD, Thomas (2011). Black Genesis: The Prehistoric Origins of Ancient Egypt.  Rochester, VT: Bear & Company.  (This one is easier to read.)



Nabta Playa: Another pointer to the Galactic Center?

Unknown.jpegPicture credit: Robert Bauval via

How do you write about something that nobody seems to really know much about–other than that it exists?

This megalith was found under 7 meters (about 23 feet) of sediment at the Nabta Playa site.



One might be tempted to date the sculpture by the layer of sediment in which it was found, but we do know of instances where sacred sites were intentionally buried–Gobekli Tepe, for instance. This one may be no different.

So what does this block of stone represent? I am not sure we even know. But there are some good guesses:

The most popular explanation is that it is a cow sculpture. Indeed there are cow burials in the immediate area and we do know that cow-worship was popular during the Age of Taurus (approximately 4300 to 2100 BCE).  But that is a bit late based on our confirmed dates for the top layer of this site. However, it is believed that cow-cults grew out of pre-dynastic fertility practices possibly from Nabta Playa and surrounding areas. So there may be a connection here.

When we think of cow-worship, fertility and cow-goddesses, Hathor comes to mind. The Egyptian goddess of love, fertility, beauty and joy, she is often depicted with cow horns on her head or even as a cow herself.


1 Drawn by Faucher-Gudin, from a bronze statuette of Saïte period in the Gîzeh Museum (Mariette, Album photographique du musée de Boulaq, pl. 5, No. 167).


There is another connection to cow-worship: The Big Dipper was considered to be a Bull’s Thigh in ancient Egypt. And the stone circle discussed last installment has alignments to the Big Dipper, so it is likely this association was also important to these ancient people.

I cannot help but think also of the Tarot Key, the Fool who carries memories in his pesky purse. The Hebrew letter assigned to this Key is Aleph and Aleph means “Ox.”


But the most intriguing theory is this:

_V_A6Gf9jTRRviEleGkaillHN0IyMDgpjE1ZG5yB_eg.pngPicture credit: Brophy, Thomas G. (2002).  The Origin Map. Lincoln, NE: Writers Club Press. (P. 60)

(The declination depicted is the path (motion) of the Galactic Center over the 26,000 Precessional cycle.)

Now turn the cow sculpture around in your mind and compare it to the drawing above.



So, if this sculpture is meant to represent the path of the Galactic Center over the Precessional cycle, what is the protrusion on the left (right if the sculpture is viewed from the back)? It must mean something and perhaps it does because it points to the direction from which we came–the Galactic center–at the venal equinox sunrise in 17,700 BCE.

Remember Gobekli Tepe Pillar 43 also targets to the Galactic Center (but at the winter solstice in our own time.)

And we will see that the bedrock sculpture under the “cow” also points to the Galactic Center in 17,700 BCE, re-inforcing the notion that this alignment is not a coincidence.   But more on that next time.


Brophy, Thomas G. (2002). The Origin Map: Discovery of Prehistoric, Megalithic, Astrophysical Map and Sculpture of the Universe. Lincoln, NE: Writers Club Press. (This one is very technical.)


Bauval, Robert & Brophy, PhD, Thomas (2011). Black Genesis: The Prehistoric Origins of Ancient Egypt.  Rochester, VT: Bear & Company.  (This one is easier to read.)




Nabta Playa: Mapping distances to the stars?



Doesn’t look like much–maybe a bunch of ancient children were playing with stones. But it turns out to be a three layer representation of the cosmos–a stone calendar circle on top, an enigmatic “cow sculpture” buried in the sediments below that, and then a bedrock sculpture that is nothing less than a representation of our universe.

But let’s start with the top and least controversial layer–the stone circle. (More on the lower layers later.) Yet again, alignments can tell us a lot about dating. Here we have Orion’s Belt depicted as it was from 6400 BCE to about 4940 BCE.


Radio carbon dating agrees with these astronomical dates, so we can be confident about them.

To put these dates in context, this is the time of pre-pre-dynastic and pre-dynastic Egypt (5500-2700 BCE). About 500 miles or 805 kilometers to the north, Egypt was 1800-3300 years away from the first documented Pharaoh.  Robert Schoch conservatively dates the Sphinx enclosure to this time. And remember there is evidence that the bases on which the dynastic Egyptian pyramids were later constructed may have been mapped out in the figure of Orion’s belt by this time.

Due to Precession of the equinoxes, our view of how the constellation of Orion rises in the night sky shifts–the angle changes.  Here is a picture of how Orion looked in 16,500 BCE as mapped out in the stone circle.


So both extremes of Orion’s “tilt” are recorded at this site. Of course, one wonders how these primitive people knew this–someone must have studied and mapped this particular constellation at this site for 11,600 years. Longer, in fact, to know both extremes.

But there is one correlations that is, well, even more surprising.


There are “long baseline megalithic sight-lines” that also align to the main stars of Orion. The strange thing about these megaliths is that they appear arbitrary–there is no symmetry to them. They appear awkward in their placement. Until one measures the distances from the circle to these stones, as Thomas Brophy did.

The distances to the site-line stones correlate to the distance from the Earth to the star represented on a scale of 1 meter = 0.799 light years. Not only that, but the velocities of the star systems are also recorded.  A million years of naked-eye observation would never tell you that.

For the source, go to:


And, finally, there is a YouTube for that: