Terra Preta de Indio–The mysterious soil of the Amazon (and beyond)

Manaus-Amazon-NASA.jpg     Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

What if there was a soil that could increase crop yields by 800%, reproduce itself so that fertilization with chemicals was not required, and reduced pollution by pulling carbon out of the atmosphere? And what if this same soil could transform nutrient poor soil all over the globe opening areas to agriculture in food-starved regions?

There is such a soil. It is called Terra Preta and it was first uncovered in the Amazon basin in the 1870s, but not really studied until the 1950s.  At that time, two explanations were put forth.

The first theory goes like this: the soil was the natural consequence of volcanic ash, slash-and-burn farming, and garbage from ancient middens.

The problem is this:

  • This mysterious soil does not cover the  expanses implied by slash-and-burn or volcanic ash.  It is generally found in well-defined plots up to two acres. Deliberate plots, not accidental plots.
  • The soil levels are up to 9 feet deep. That is a lot of slashing-and-burning.
  • In order to make the soil, you need partially burned wood–charcoal. Ash will not do the trick.

The second theory, based in part on the information above, is that the soil was invented–created by a past civilization. When? Usual dates say 1500 BCE to 500 AD.  But this is based on known habitation dates. And, unless the civilization was built with stone, this environment is not known to preserve archeological evidence for us to discover.

So, I looked further for other opinions. I did find one web article claiming the soil is 7000 years old–but there was nothing in the article to substantiate this claim. I did a web search and found something in Google ebooks: Agroecology, Ecosystems, and Sustainability edited by Noureddine Benkeblia. It attributes the 7000 year old date to Neves (2003). I wanted to go directly to Neves, but the book’s bibliography is not available without paying $80 for the ebook, and Amazon wants almost $100 for the print edition. I tried searching for Neves (2003) in ABE and other book sellers–no luck, but I suspect it is in Portuguese.  I hate dead ends!

I did discover the Amazon basin is not the only area where this nutrient rich regenerating soil is found. In the harsh environment of Bolivia’s Llanos de Mojos there is evidence of an advanced sophisticated civilization with canals, mounds, causeways, villages, and–you guessed it–Terra Preta.

And I wasn’t really surprised to learn that Terra Preta has been found in other locations on the South American continent– Ecuador, Peru, and French Guiana.

But here is what did surprise me:

Terra Preta has also been found in Liberia, an “easy” skip across the broad Atlantic from South America, and in South African savannas.

Independent discovery? Or was it “transplanted” in cross-Atlantic voyages thousands of years ago? And if so, who taught whom? Or was there a common origin with both areas receiving the knowledge from an even older source?

Oh, and I finally found a recipe for making it: If you have a minute, check out the list of ingredients. It will make you smile!

Truth is, though, they still don’t know exactly what is in it.

Did Meteor Strikes Wipe Out the Golden Age?

BIGIMPCT.jpg         Photo by Don Davis for NASA and in Public Domain

If, as I have suggested, there was a Tep Zepi, a First Time, a Golden Age civilization that preceded the end of the last Ice Age, why isn’t it more evident now? Why are there only small bits and pieces left for us to find? Small bits and pieces that leave us wondering.

The best answer to this question is that there was a great cataclysm that wiped out all evidence of our past and that, as Graham Hancock says, we are now “a species with amnesia.” Indeed, the cataclysm would have to be great to wipe out all traces except those we now find in rock and in myths.

This is hard for us to believe because we live in an astrologically and geo-magnetically peaceful time. Sure, we saw what a moderate size tsunami could do to the geography in the Pacific and we witnessed the destruction—actually relatively minor—of the Chelyabinsk meteor,  but we have not witnessed any stellar-born impacts of the magnitude that wiped out the dinosaurs. As a species we tend to believe that what we have experienced in our lifetime is what there is. It is natural and normal to think that way. Indeed, it keeps us from wasting time and energy on far-off “what-ifs?”

It is all about the cycles of time and some cycles of time are within our experience. Winter turns to summer, summer to fall and fall back to winter. But many cycles of time are far outside the memory of anyone living today, or any other day in history.

Take the Taurid meteor showers. They are believed to be the remnants on a much larger comet that broke into pieces. (The largest piece we now know as the comet Encke.) Our planet passes through the Taurid stream May through June and again September through December each year. We only witness the fall display because the spring display happen during daylight hours.


But the Taurid stream has another cycle, one that is a millennia long as the meteor shower approaches closer to the earth, then moves away again. The last time the Taurid shower was closest to our earth was around 1178. And indeed we may well have an accounting by five monks of a strike on the moon related to this event. As Fratello Gervase, the Cantebury Chronicler writes:

“This year on the 18th of June, when the Moon, a slim crescent, first became visible, a marvelous phenomenon was seen by several men who were watching it. Suddenly, the upper horn of the crescent was split in two. From the mid point of the division, a flaming torch sprang up, spewing out over a considerable distance fire, hot coals and sparks. The body of the Moon which was below, writhed like a wounded snake. This happened a dozen times or more, and when the Moon returned to normal, the whole crescent took on a blackish appearance.”

Fire and hot coals and sparks, they all could be associated with a meteor impact. But what about the “blackish appearance”? That can be explained by dust and debris shot up by the impact obscuring the light reflected off the moon.

Indeed, we may have identified the crater caused by the 1178 meteor impact. Wikipedia reports the Giordano Bruno crater was formed “during the span of human history” so it may have happened in 1178. However, and this adds to the mystery, there is no other accounting that describes the event witnessed by the monks. It is more than likely that an event of this magnitude would have been recorded somewhere by someone.

Giordano_Bruno_crater_AS16-M-3008_ASU.jpg         giordano_bruno-300x222.jpg                                              The Giordano Bruno crater on the moon: both photos from Wikimedia and in the public domain

The Tunguska event of June 30, 1908 may also have been related to the Taurid showers.  Had this meteor struck earth instead of exploding in the atmosphere, the devastation would have been far greater. Still, it knocked down trees in a 830 square mile area and is now estimated to be 1000 times greater than the bomb that destroyed Hiroshima.

Still, it would seem to be a local event, right? And civilizations in other parts of the world would survive, right?

Not necessarily. Had these meteors struck earth, they would have sent a plume of dust and debris into the atmosphere, shutting off life-giving light to the plants below. They would die and with them, the herbivores, and with them the carnivores.  That is called an extinction event.

If it had hit in the ocean, then unimaginable tsunamis would wipe-out the most populated areas of the world—the coastlines.

And if it hit near a fault line, then earthquakes and volcanoes would result.

But meteor streams suggest just that, a stream of meteors hitting multiple locations compounding the problems caused by just one strike. Global fires, acid rains, food-chain collapse and mega-tsunamis—that combination would wipe out all trace of civilization. Just like it did the dinosaurs.

Just this morning I read about an impact, this one 780,000 years ago.   So we are discovering new evidence of devastating meteor strikes all the time.

So what about the last Ice Age? Could it be that meteor strikes needed it? Probably not.  Indeed it brought about a mini-Ice Age.

It turns out that he end of the Ice Age was a very turbulent time on planet earth and multiple cosmic impacts centered around North America caused what we know as the Younger Dryas—a sudden cooling of the planet as the impact debris shot into the atmosphere and covered the globe. The resulting collapse of food sources severely cripple or wiped-out civilizations just as it wiped out 65% of mammals over 100 pounds. And that would include humans.

But before a few thousand years before that there was an even more devastating event–multiple solar outbursts–but more on that later as I try to substantiate the evidence as it is presented. If something wiped out advanced civilizations, this seems a more likely culprit.

Ancient Roman Presence in America


What you see above is a Mi’kmaq petroglyph interpreted to be soldiers marching.  Kind of inconclusive of Roman presence until you add all the Roman artifacts that have been discovered in and around Nova Scotia, the home of the Mi’kmaq.

The most famous is probably the Oak Island (Nova Scotia) sword.

This is the most common  image of the sword.     Photo credit: investigatinghistory.org


The sword and other evidence:

Most internet accounts state the sword was found 70 years ago by two fishermen.  J. Hutton Pulitzer did an analysis of the sword and found it had traces of arsenic and lead–traces that are consistent with ancient Roman manufacture. Indeed, Mr. Pulitzer says it is identical to metals used by the Romans. However, based on analysis done by the History Channel, the metal used to make the sword is also consistent with mid 19th century brass. Hoaxing?  Maybe, or maybe just a lost reproduction from someone’s collection.

Searching further, I found there is a shipwreck believed to be Roman off Nova Scotia and other Roman artifacts have been found in the area, including a legionnaire’s whistle and a shield.

Artifacts are not the only evidence of early Roman presence in the area:

  • A DNA marker for the Mi’kmaq people can be traced to the Mediterranean area.
  • A reported 50 terms are shared by the Mi’kmaq and Romans–most of them nautical.
  • The Romans used the plant  Berberis Vulgaris to prevent scurvy on long voyages. It is not indigenous to the Americas but has been found on Oak Island.
  • The Roman symbols shown below were found on Oak Island:

An enhanced photo of a rock found on Oak Island that J. Hutton Pulitzer believes may be inscribed with Roman symbols. (Courtesy of J. Hutton Pulitzer/InvestigatingHistory.com)


Photo credit: J. Hutton Pulitzer/InvestigatingHistory.com


Is there evidence of ancient Roman presence anywhere else in the Americas?

For years there have been rumors of Roman coins washing up on Beverly, Massachusetts beaches. Substantiating it has been difficult, but I did find one interesting article about coins found along the Chesapeake Bay.

I also found a report of Roman presence in Ohio about 70 AD.

There is a report of a Roman bust found in Mexico from 200 AD.

And coins found in Ohio and Kentucky.

Finally, there may have been an ancient Roman Christian colony outside Tucson, AZ dating about 700 AD.

Primary References on the Oak Island Sword:
And, of course, J. Hutton Pulitzer who has a YouTube channel.

Did the Mi’kmaq from Eastern Canada write in Egyptian Hieroglyphics?

fell micmac criticisms wikipedia.jpg


The story goes like this:

Father Le Clerq,  a Roman Catholic Missionary from the late 1600s, claimed to have seen Mi’kmaq (Micmac*) children taking notes (writing) on birchbark as he was giving his lessons.

Pierre Milliard, also a Catholic Priest but in 1730s, documented the Mi’kmaq writing system and claims to have added to it to help his converts learn prayers and responses to the Catholic Mass.

In the interim, the birch scrolls containing the writings of past generations had been destroyed.  So it is Abbe Milliard’s works, including his book Manuel Hieroglyphique Micmac, that is most helpful in documenting the similarity between Mi’kmaq writing and ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphics.

(I believe it was Barry Fell who found Milliard’s book and discovered the similarities.  The table above is from Fell’s work.)

Note the dates for Abbe Maillard and Father Le Clerq: late 1600s and early to mid 1700s.  Now note the date that Egyptian Hieroglyphs were deciphered: 1823.

So it is impossible for the priests to have taught the hieroglyphics to the Mi’kmaq people–even if the priests knew about them, they could not have known the meanings of the Egyptian glyphs.

Here is another really interesting example that I found on the Mathisen Corollary blog:micmac cartouche name.jpg


Indeed, Barry Fell (1976, 1989, p.256) claims several thousand of Maillard’s recorded hieroglyphics are similar to or exactly like dynastic Egyptian.

Who are the Mi’kmaq?

They are a Native American group from Canada–Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and along the coastline of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence through eastern New Brunswick and even into eastern Quebec.


Their lands included the famous Oak Island where evidence of both a Roman and a North African presence has been discovered. (More on the proto-Tifinagh–North African–inscriptions found on Oak Island in another blog.)

This area was clearly a port of entry for Old World peoples thousands of years before Columbus. Perhaps they were after the copper from the Great Lakes via the St. Lawrence River–but that, too, is a topic for another blog.

If you are interested, Kirsten Dally (2011) is worth reading. She cites many similarities between the Mi’kmaq and the Picts (northern British Isles) including the use of blue tattoos, a matriarchal society, similar governance, and similarities in some words.

Oh, in my research I did find one other interesting tidbit: Compare the Mi’kmaq flag to that of the Templars. A port of entry, indeed.





Fell, Barry. (1976, 1989). America B.C.: Ancient Settlers in the New World. Muskogee, OK: Artisan Publishers.

Dalley, Kirsten (2011). Exposed, Uncovered, and Declassified: Lost Civilizations & Secrets of the Past. Career Press. Kindle Edition.


* I have seen both spellings–Micmac is the more common. Mi’kmaq is the more traditional and the one that seems to be preferred by the Mi’kmaq themselves. Use both if you are doing a search.

Nabta Playa: Mapping distances to other galaxies?



So far we have looked at two of the three layers for just one of the megalithic structure at Nabta Playa.  (Yes, there are more of these mysterious formations in the area–thirty, in fact.)

We have looked at the stone circle–the stone calendar on the top layer– and at a sculpture that may show the declination (movement) of the Galactic Center over the precessional cycle of 26,000 years.

The third and last layer is even more intriguing as it seems to be a map of our Galaxy.

Similar to the Sphinx at Giza, this is a bedrock sculpture–it is carved into the bedrock and, therefore, is not a separate piece of stone that could have been moved from elsewhere.

This bedrock sculpture is a stone disk and Thomas Brophy tells us there is another stone disk that could also represent the Milky Way–this one at Newgrange in Ireland.  (I could find no other reference to this.)

Here is the intriguing part:

The map of the galaxy is not from the perspective of earth.  It is from the perspective of a point in the heavens we have labeled the north galactic pole.  That point is not arbitrary. It is one designation in the galactic coordinate system which Wikipedia defines as, “a celestial coordinate system … with the Sun as its center, the primary direction aligned with the approximate center of the Milky Way galaxy, and the fundamental plane approximately in the galactic plane.” In other words, it is a system based on logic and it would be reasonable for anyone with knowledge of the galaxy to invent it and to use it.

While much of what is depicted on the Nabta Playa galaxy map could be observed with naked-eye astronomy, there are pieces that could not.  For instance the Sagittarius Dwarf Galaxy was not discovered until 1994. And that galaxy, it seems, is where our solar system comes from. Literally.


Picture from http://www.solstation.com/x-objects/sag-deg.htm (original source unknown.)


And it is not just that our galaxy  and the entering Sagittarius Dwarf Galaxy are depicted, but all the features on the bedrock sculpture are depicted to scale.  Much like the monoliths on the top layer that align to the rising stars of Orion. (Their distances from center are proportional to their distances from earth.)

There is more:

The formation we have been discussing, “Complex Structure A” or CSA, is but one formation on the Nabta Playa.

“Complex Structure B” (CSB)  has also been excavated and there is a bedrock sculpture under that one, too. It has an uncanny resemblance to our nearest neighbor, the Andromeda Galaxy.  And the distance from CSA to CSB is proportional to the distance from our Galaxy to the Andromeda Galaxy.

Each of the thirty structures on the Nabta Playa seems to have its own bedrock. Hopefully one day our ground penetrating radar satellite technology will be good enough to tell us whether these, too, are sculptures and, if so, what they depict. Other Galaxies?



Brophy, Thomas G. (2002). The Origin Map: Discovery of Prehistoric, Megalithic, Astrophysical Map and Sculpture of the Universe. Lincoln, NE: Writers Club Press. (This one is very technical.)


Bauval, Robert & Brophy, PhD, Thomas (2011). Black Genesis: The Prehistoric Origins of Ancient Egypt.  Rochester, VT: Bear & Company.  (This one is easier to read.)



Nabta Playa: Another pointer to the Galactic Center?

Unknown.jpegPicture credit: Robert Bauval via RedIcecreations.com

How do you write about something that nobody seems to really know much about–other than that it exists?

This megalith was found under 7 meters (about 23 feet) of sediment at the Nabta Playa site.



One might be tempted to date the sculpture by the layer of sediment in which it was found, but we do know of instances where sacred sites were intentionally buried–Gobekli Tepe, for instance. This one may be no different.

So what does this block of stone represent? I am not sure we even know. But there are some good guesses:

The most popular explanation is that it is a cow sculpture. Indeed there are cow burials in the immediate area and we do know that cow-worship was popular during the Age of Taurus (approximately 4300 to 2100 BCE).  But that is a bit late based on our confirmed dates for the top layer of this site. However, it is believed that cow-cults grew out of pre-dynastic fertility practices possibly from Nabta Playa and surrounding areas. So there may be a connection here.

When we think of cow-worship, fertility and cow-goddesses, Hathor comes to mind. The Egyptian goddess of love, fertility, beauty and joy, she is often depicted with cow horns on her head or even as a cow herself.


1 Drawn by Faucher-Gudin, from a bronze statuette of Saïte period in the Gîzeh Museum (Mariette, Album photographique du musée de Boulaq, pl. 5, No. 167).


There is another connection to cow-worship: The Big Dipper was considered to be a Bull’s Thigh in ancient Egypt. And the stone circle discussed last installment has alignments to the Big Dipper, so it is likely this association was also important to these ancient people.

I cannot help but think also of the Tarot Key, the Fool who carries memories in his pesky purse. The Hebrew letter assigned to this Key is Aleph and Aleph means “Ox.”



But the most intriguing theory is this:

_V_A6Gf9jTRRviEleGkaillHN0IyMDgpjE1ZG5yB_eg.pngPicture credit: Brophy, Thomas G. (2002).  The Origin Map. Lincoln, NE: Writers Club Press. (P. 60)

(The declination depicted is the path (motion) of the Galactic Center over the 26,000 Precessional cycle.)

Now turn the cow sculpture around in your mind and compare it to the drawing above.



So, if this sculpture is meant to represent the path of the Galactic Center over the Precessional cycle, what is the protrusion on the left (right if the sculpture is viewed from the back)? It must mean something and perhaps it does because it points to the direction from which we came–the Galactic center–at the venal equinox sunrise in 17,700 BCE.

Remember Gobekli Tepe Pillar 43 also targets to the Galactic Center (but at the winter solstice in our own time.)

And we will see that the bedrock sculpture under the “cow” also points to the Galactic Center in 17,700 BCE, re-inforcing the notion that this alignment is not a coincidence.   But more on that next time.


Brophy, Thomas G. (2002). The Origin Map: Discovery of Prehistoric, Megalithic, Astrophysical Map and Sculpture of the Universe. Lincoln, NE: Writers Club Press. (This one is very technical.)


Bauval, Robert & Brophy, PhD, Thomas (2011). Black Genesis: The Prehistoric Origins of Ancient Egypt.  Rochester, VT: Bear & Company.  (This one is easier to read.)




Nabta Playa: Mapping distances to the stars?



Doesn’t look like much–maybe a bunch of ancient children were playing with stones. But it turns out to be a three layer representation of the cosmos–a stone calendar circle on top, an enigmatic “cow sculpture” buried in the sediments below that, and then a bedrock sculpture that is nothing less than a representation of our universe.

But let’s start with the top and least controversial layer–the stone circle. (More on the lower layers later.) Yet again, alignments can tell us a lot about dating. Here we have Orion’s Belt depicted as it was from 6400 BCE to about 4940 BCE.



Radio carbon dating agrees with these astronomical dates, so we can be confident about them.

To put these dates in context, this is the time of pre-pre-dynastic and pre-dynastic Egypt (5500-2700 BCE). About 500 miles or 805 kilometers to the north, Egypt was 1800-3300 years away from the first documented Pharaoh.  Robert Schoch conservatively dates the Sphinx enclosure to this time. And remember there is evidence that the bases on which the dynastic Egyptian pyramids were later constructed may have been mapped out in the figure of Orion’s belt by this time.

Due to Precession of the equinoxes, our view of how the constellation of Orion rises in the night sky shifts–the angle changes.  Here is a picture of how Orion looked in 16,500 BCE as mapped out in the stone circle.



So both extremes of Orion’s “tilt” are recorded at this site. Of course, one wonders how these primitive people knew this–someone must have studied and mapped this particular constellation at this site for 11,600 years. Longer, in fact, to know both extremes.

But there is one correlations that is, well, even more surprising.


There are “long baseline megalithic sight-lines” that also align to the main stars of Orion. The strange thing about these megaliths is that they appear arbitrary–there is no symmetry to them. They appear awkward in their placement. Until one measures the distances from the circle to these stones, as Thomas Brophy did.

The distances to the site-line stones correlate to the distance from the Earth to the star represented on a scale of 1 meter = 0.799 light years. Not only that, but the velocities of the star systems are also recorded.  A million years of naked-eye observation would never tell you that.

For the source, go to:


And, finally, there is a YouTube for that:

Back to Pillar 43: Those pesky purses


The celestial markings on Pillar 43 at Göbekli Tepe are indeed intriguing, but there is more: Those pesky purses decorating the top of the pillar.

In his book Magicians of the Gods,  Graham Hancock points these out along with similar purses or containers from Mesopotamia and  Mexico.

This one from Mexico is called the “Man in the Serpent”:



And these beings are Sumerian Apkallu:


In both examples look at the shape of the purses and at how they are held –are they too similar to be coincidence?

We don’t seem to know who the Man in the Serpent represents–at least I could not find anything in the web–but the three figures, the Apkallu, are the three forms (man, bird and fish) taken by the the Seven Sages who brought the civilizing arts to Sumer after the great flood. The most famous is Oannes, the fish-god on the right, who came from the sea each day to teach wisdom, writing, the arts and sciences. (The link above has more images of the Apkallu with their purses, or as the archeologists call them, “buckets.”)

The story of gods or demigods who brought civilizing skills to more primitive people (thus jump-starting more advanced civilizations) is a common one. We see it across the globe, most often associated with a flood or deluge that almost wiped out life on the planet. So I did a search. Most of the civilizing gods we know, Thoth who became Hermes, Osiris, Rama from India, Virachoca, and Kulkulkan both from South America, do not carry purses.  But I found two others who did.

This is Quetzalcoatl from the Codex Rois:


And this is the early Mayan god, Itzamna:



So what’s with those pesky purses anyway?

I believe the key (pun intended) to understanding the meaning of the purses comes from the  Book of Thoth which we know today as the Tarot.  Now used primarily as a fortune telling devise, it’s original purpose was to encode ancient teachings in pictures and symbols.  This is the “Fool” (Key 0) from the Rider-Waite deck:


According to esoteric tradition, what The Fool carries in his purse is memory, in this case cosmic or universal memory as he steps from Kether, the Beginning (or Crown), to Chokmah, which represents Wisdom, on his journey down the Qabalistic Tree of Life. If you are not familiar with the Qabalah, don’t spend a lot of time working that out–the point is the Fool is just beginning a long journey and he is taking the memory of his past with him. Much like the sages of old who brought civilizing skills to the hunter-gatherer peoples in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Americas, and other parts of the world.

So one way to see the purse is as the container for the wisdom and knowledge of the lost civilization. Trunks of manuscripts come to mind, and lost halls of records under pyramids, but also technology like the Ark of the Covenant, or even Arks that are boats carrying people away from lands sunken by the great deluge. They all contain the memory in one form or another.

And let us not forget the beings themselves for they, too, are containers of that knowledge. The seven sages of Mesopotamia, the seven sages on the Edfu texts, all the civilizing “gods” fit this description.

And in the case of Pillar 43, it is a container of knowledge. As is all of Göbekli Tepe. Designed, perhaps, by one of the original Apkulla, Göbekli Tepe preserves the ancient wisdom for a time when we have “eyes to see.”

And finally, as I was pounding away on the treadmill this morning, I had one other thought: The memory is also contained in what Jung termed the Collective Unconscious, and that, too, is a sort of purse or container of wisdom. One we have access to today.

So my search for these ancient purses continues–are there perhaps other clues out there?  Please comment if you know of any.


Photo credits: Pillar 43,  Man in Serpent, ApkalluQuetzalcoatlItzamna

Gobekli Tepe and the Mayan Calendar

Vulture Stone.jpg

Remember that pesky December 12, 2012 date?  The one that came and went and we are still alive?

Well, what it signified was not actually a single date, but a span of time. Eighty years in fact. The eighty years from 1960 to 2040 when the winter solstice sun in Sagittarius targets the Dark Rift of the Milky Way–or to be more dramatic, it targets the center of the galaxy.

All the hype in 2012 was about the Mayan Calendar, but this 80 year span of time is depicted at another site in modern day Turkey,  Gobekli Tepi, dated to 9,600 BCE.  There you will find Pillar 43 showing the night sky as it appears on the winter solstice from 1960 to 2040. (Carved 11,600 years ago.)

Why would the ancients target 1960-2014? (And why did we first “discover” Gobekli Tepe in 1963?)

Or was it targeting 24,000 (yes, 3 zeros) BCE which is the last time this alignment occurred? (It will be another 26,000 years before we see this alignment again due to the Precession of the Equinoxes, that shift in the ages that brings us from Pisces to Aquarius in our own time.)

The Mayans knew the Dark Rift as the “center of creation” and, indeed, as the center of the galaxy, all the Milky Way and the world as we know it poured forth from there. One wonders if the ancients at Gobekli Tepe knew this as well.

Your thoughts?


This information comes from a giant who now stands on his own shoulders with his latest book, Magicians of the Gods: The Forgotten Wisdom of Earth’s Lost Civilization. Graham Hancock has written a masterful explanation–as only he can–of these events. His is not an overview but a detailed and well researched accounting of the connections we are just beginning to discover today.

Picture credit: German Archeological Institute



Adam’s Calendar: 75,000 years old and it works to this day


Discovered by Johan Heine and investigated by Michael Tellinger, Adam’s Calendar in South Africa is the oldest known Calendar, maybe the oldest known manmade site in the world. In the native language, Adam’s Calendar is called “Inzalo Y’langa,” which means “Birthplace of the Sun.”

It is the “Birthplace of the Sun” even now as the sunrise still aligns with  monoliths on the Solstices every year.

But why would we think that it is 75,000 years old?

Because three other monoliths perfectly align with the flat angle of Orion’s Belt as it rose above the horizon at the Vernal equinox just before sunrise 75,000 years ago.  (As time progresses, the angle at which the stars arise changes due to a phenomenon known as precession—why we have the Age of Pisces ending and Aquarius beginning today.)

But it could be older:  If it was built 160,000 years ago, then that, too, would coincide with the rising of Orion.  In addition, the erosion of stones that were tested suggested this earlier date.



According to Michael Tellinger, Adam’s Calendar is but one of thousands of stone circles in Africa alone.

Stone calendars can be found all over the world. Those in England and on the British Isles are the most famous. But America has Mystery Hill, Australia has Wurdi Youang, southern Egypt–Nubia–has the Nabta Playa, and China even has one in the Gobi Desert. These are but a few examples–there are many, many others all over the globe.


For more information:

The Ancient Origins article on Adam’s Calendar is (as always) excellent.

There is a short YouTube.  And a full two hour documentary. (Michael Tellinger believes, like Zecharia Stichin, that the Anunnaki genetically modified the DNA of primitive man to form a slave race. The full documentary outlines Mr. Tellinger’s theories about the Anunnaki–a view I do not share but one that is interesting none-the-less.)

And finally, Johan Heine and Michael Tellinger have published  a book  with fabulous photographs and great information.


Photo credits:

The aligned circle (Originally from Mr Tellinger’s website.)

Orion’s Belt.