Not one, but three faces on Mars

Martian_face_viking-3.jpgImage by Viking 1 in 1976. NASA [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons


When I first heard about the face on Mars, I—like many people—was fascinated. Could it be evidence of intelligent life? Was the universe even stranger than we had imagined? Or was this simply a trick of Light and shadow?

And, I wondered, why was it taking so long to go back and look for the answer?

Indeed, it was another twenty years before the face was re-imaged, this time by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (1996-2006).

1280px-Face_on_Mars_with_Inset.jpgBy NASA / JPL / University of Arizona [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

To my great disappointment, the pronouncement was that it was simply a natural feature, a trick of light and shadow. But was it?



Enter John E. Brandenburg PhD:

Initially a plasma physicist working on research for the various space program, Dr. Brandenburg’s interest in the Mars question became a life-long passion. And his career, including work on the Clementine Moon Mission, gave him access to some surprising information.

His book, Death on Mars: The Discovery of a Planetary Nuclear Massacre, is a fascinating account of his career and discoveries over the years. For instance, there is not one, but three faces on Mars.


The Three Faces of Mars

The image we have seen, the one pictured above, is from a region called Cydonia.

The second and third faces are from the region of Utopia and are called Galaxias and Chaos and also known as Galaxias A and Galaxias B.

Face A & B.jpgNASA Image 86A10 from Brandenberg (2015)

Here is a close-up of Galaxas:

Utopia Face 1.jpgTHEMIS image V22286011 2007 Galaxias Face A


But were the faces made by intelligent life?

For a variety of reasons, I would contend they were. The most compelling is the similarity among them.

Despite the obvious erosion, the faces share many characteristics in common, including:

  • Overall structure of nose, mouth and eyes
  • Helmets
  • Helmet ornamentations
  • Indentations over the left eyes
  • Marks on the cheeks

Furthermore, enhancement of Galaxias A shows symmetric brickwork on the nose and a pupil in an eye while enhancement of the Cydonia image shows nostrils.

But what is most interesting, all three faces are situated in what appears to be the rubble of destroyed cities beside a long-dead ocean.



Yes, there was once an ocean on Mars

Or, so it would seem.

Brandenburg had access to the reports on soil samples taken from the Viking lander that touched down in an area with all the geologic characteristics of a vast ocean. The soil samples were salty. But was there water on Mars?

Based on data retrieved from analysis of meteorites, yes there was once water on Mars. But not only water–organic matter and microfossils were obtained from the same meteorites.

s96-12609.jpgElectron microscope photo of Meteorite ALH84001 showing microfossils (NASA)


Mars was once like Earth

As shocking as this may seem, all this suggests that Mars once had an atmosphere—a greenhouse bubble—that supported life. And if the humanoid faces are any indication, that life included human-like beings who, according to Brandenburg, had progressed to the stone-age as evidenced not only by the sphinxlike faces but by the pyramidal structure close to those faces.

So what happened to this stone-age civilization?


Enter xenon 129, krypton and argon 36 analysis

Brandenburg also had access to reports on the Martian atmosphere (or lack thereof). He found an excess of xenon and krypton gases in relation to argon-36.

There is only one thing that could account for that ratio and that is a violent hydrogen bomb explosion. Nuclear reactions like those in nuclear power plants just will not do it. It had to be a bomb. Why? Because analysis of our atmosphere after exploding nuclear bombs obtained the same signature.


Was there a nuclear war on Mars?

That is Brandenburg’s hypothesis and his arguments are convincing at least to the point of demanding further study.


But who could have exploded those hydrogen bombs and when?

Because Brandenburg believes Martian civilization did not advance further than the stone-age, he contends that a civilization outside our solar system was responsible.

I am not so sure. I do not think we can look at what appear to be stone-age structures and say the civilization was only stone-aged. It is equally likely an advanced Martian civilization wiped itself out (a chilly warning, if we care to take it) and all that survived were megalithic structures from the past. As would happen here under similar circumstances.

When did this nuclear explosion happen? According to Brandenburg about 200 million years ago, the time of the Great Permian extinction on Earth—a time when life was nearly knocked of our own planet as well.

Take another look at the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter image:

1280px-Face_on_Mars_with_Inset.jpgBy NASA / JPL / University of Arizona [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons


Look at the symmetry of the face. Look at the nostrils. Now think about what 200 million years of erosion would do to carved details. I am surprised this much has remained.


More questions than answers

Why does our most famous survivor of the Permian extinction—the cockroach—show resistance to radiation? Did a thermonuclear event also happen on Earth? (Brandenburg, 2015)

And what about the out-of-place artifacts found on our planet? Could the inhabitants of Mars have made it to Earth hundreds of millions of years ago? Does this explain 252 + million year old footprints discussed in my earlier blog.

More intriguing: Could Martian “humans” have been marooned on Earth all those hundreds of millions of years ago, surviving and eventually adapting and evolving to become the humans we know today? Does Mars hold the bones of our ancestors?

And why, I now wonder, are the faces pointing up to the cosmos where only airborne craft would see them, not inhabitants on the surface of the planet?


One more thing

It would seem the search is now on with others finding more faces on Mars. This discovery is attributed to someone named Greg Orme:

MARS Face #4.pngFrom the MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR 1999.




Brandenburg PhD, John E. (2015). Death on Mars: The Discovery of a Planetary Nuclear Massacre. Kempton, IL: Adventures Unlimited Press.



What did our ancestors know about quantum physics?


When first I saw Laird Scranton’s book, The Science of the Dogon: Decoding the African Mystery Tradition, I thought, “Oh, another re-hash of the ancient alien theory.”

There had been a lot of talk about the Dogon ever since Robert Temple published a chapter on them in The Sirius Mystery: New Evidence of Alien Contact 5,000 Years Ago. (Temple’s chapter was based on anthropologists Griaule’s and Dieterlen’s work with the Dogon).

But last week I heard an interview with Laird Scranton. He was discussing his work on Chinese cosmology and how it, symbolically, is similar to the Dogon and others. THAT certainly changed my mind. This man is brilliant


Who is Laird Scranton?

41TL9cX3qQL._UX250_.jpgPhoto from the Laird Scranton page on Amazon

He’s not an anthropologist, nor an archeologist, nor a quantum physicist, but he is a cosmologist who has had to delve into all these subjects. The brilliant part is that I probably understand these subjects—especially quantum theory—better from reading his work than from reading “popular” books on these subjects. He is a genius at explanation.

Laird Scranton is a computer programmer—that’s his day job. More specifically, he takes old programs and updates them. This means he must look at code, look for patterns in code, and try to figure out what the original programmer intended by that code. It is kind of like deciphering a new language, but one that uses symbols, not full words and sentences. He took that skill, applied it to Dogon cosmology, and what he found is astonishing.


What he has found

The first thing he discovered is a deep-rooted similarity between creation myths across the globe. Most these creation myths (cosmologies) start with a self-created god/dess who emerges from primordial water then creates more gods (8 to be exact) in pairs of opposites such as male/female, dark/light, etc….

He notes there are symbols common to these cosmologies, most notably a spiraling coil, primordial waters, clay, and the numbers 2 and 8.

He also uncovers concepts in common throughout creation myths including female goddesses of moisture, weaving and language associated with a twin god associated with pottery and/or metallurgy, as well as an original Mother Goddess. Cosmologies also seem to emphasize the four cardinal points and creation as beginning with the Word.


But then things get interesting

After isolating these recurring “themes” he takes a closer look and finds they correlate with current scientific theories, most notably the Big Bang and quantum physics.

His further research uncovers these same themes carried out in different regions of the globe and in different cosmologies, but with the same “root” symbols.


I’ll give an example

The goddess Neith is one of the oldest, if not the oldest Egyptian God/dess. Indeed she pre-dates dynastic Egypt. Born from primordial waters, she is the weaver goddess and this is one of her many hieroglyphs:               unspecified.png

The “wavy” line is water, the mound is a representation of matter (at least for the Dogon), the figure denotes a god/dess, but the important symbol is the shuttle with which she weaves the world into existence. Weaving is done with threads, which are also strings.

So that takes us to quantum physics and string theory. What is important to know about string theory is that the basic source of matter is theorized to be like a string rather than a sharp point or blob.

Strings combine—weave together—in complex ways. These pictures of “string formations” are from Wikimedia Commons:

Feynman_relativ.gifBy Nina Hernitschek [CC BY-SA 2.5 (, via Wikimedia Commons



By Steffenchristensen (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (, via Wikimedia Commons

Look familiar?



And that’s not all

If this were the only example he gives, I’d say “interesting co-incidence.” But it is not.

Take the word for thread, string, or cord in ancient Egyptian. It is set related to the word sett that means “to tremble” or “to vibrate.” Quantum strings vibrate.  

But, again, that is not all. Neith weaves the string, “the fundamental source of the vibration of matter” as Scranton puts it, to create the matter of the universe.

Neith is not the only god/dess that can be understood using quantum theory. Scranton goes on to describe the Egyptian god Menu (or Min) whom he sees as the “composite of the four quantum forces—in a sense virtually a formula for matter.” (It would take me pages to describe that one, so I will spare you.)

What I have just given is at best 1% of the convincing arguments Laird Scranton puts forth. The evidence seems to be overwhelming.

As for me, I am convinced some ancient civilization, lost in one of the many cataclysms of “pre”-history, encoded scientific information in myths and legends as a way of preserving them until humanity was again advanced enough to understand the science behind them.


Or maybe other dimensional beings?

But then, I must admit, Scranton’s view is also intriguing. What physicists have found about other dimensions is also encoded in the science of the Dogon and in Egyptian hieroglyphs. (It has to do with quantum physics and something called spin—again, too long to describe here.) Could this knowledge have been brought to the Egyptians by entities from other dimensions? That’s what the Dogon “myths” say. And the “myths” of many other ancient cultures as well.




Laird Scranton homepage

Scranton, Laird (2006). The Science of the Dogon: Decoding the African Mystery Tradition. Rochester, VT: Inner Traditions.

Temple, Robert (1998). The Sirius Mystery: New Evidence of Alien Contact 5,000 Years Ago. Rochester, VT: Destiny Books.

For interviews, see YouTube or Where did the road go podcast (among many other venues)

American Genesis: The story of two archeologists

IMG_1701 (1).jpg


A young archeologist, new to the field, approaches one who has an established reputation for recognizing human-made stone tools. “I need your opinion on something,” the young archeologist says. “Look at this stone. What can you tell me?”

The established archeologist takes it in his beefy hand and inspects it.   “Yes. Typical graver spur, used by Cro-Magnon man to engrave bone. See where it has been flaked off to make the characteristic point? Nice specimen.”

“I found these with it,” our young archeologist says, handing over a box of stone chips.

Our established expert beams. “Yes, these were flaked off your spur. See how they fit?” He takes the tiny pieces and matches them up, not perfectly, but well enough to see how they have been chipped off. “Rare to find the tool and the chips together. Must have been a tool-making site, perhaps a campsite. Keep digging, there is more to be found.”

The young archeologist pulls out his smart phone, punches at the icons, and hands it to the expert. “Here are some pictures.” He watches as the established archeologist swipes through a dozen or so screens.

Handing back the phone, our established archeologist says, “That’s a deep pit. Got any dates for it?”

“Our geologist says 130 or 135 thousand years ago. We also have a uranium-series analysis date and a surface beryllium-10 date in rages of about 200,000 years ago.”

“Interesting. Where in Africa are you digging?”

“Not Africa,” our young archeologist says. “These are from America, California to be exact.”

Our established archeologist tosses the stone spur and the box of chips back at the young archeologist. “Impossible,” he says. “Humans did not reach America until 18,000 years ago.”

“But what about the engraver spur we found? We have scrapers and other tools, too.” the young archeologist says as he follows the departing expert. “That’s evidence for a much earlier date.”

“Natural erosion,” the expert says, waving a dismissive hand. “Don’t waste your time.”

“But,” our persistent young archeologist continues, now having to pick up his pace, “Louis Leakey agreed with not only the artifacts, but the date.”

“Hmmph,” replied our expert. “Old and doddering at the time, as I recall.”

When is an artifact not an artifact?

When it is found out of place or out of time.

The Americas seem to have a lot of artifacts that are not artifacts. Our two archeologists were discussing one that could have come for the Calico site in Barstow, California (San Bernardino County), or more dramatically from the Hueyatlaco site in Mexico.


Now conveniently destroyed to build a home with 6 foot concrete fences, this site was first excavated in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Uranium series dating gives the age of a butchered mastodon bone to be 250,000 years old. (See Christopher Hardaker’s website for pictures of the mastodon bone from his excellent book.)

Also associated with the Hueyatlaco site were projectile points and other specialized tools, the hallmark of modern humans. Virginia Steen-McIntyre geologically dated the layer in which they were found at about the same age as the mastodon bone.


The Flagstaff Stone

flagstaff.jpgPhoto from the Rock Art Museum

This stone was discovered by Jeffrey Goodman, PhD. He dates it to 100,000 years ago based on the strata of earth in which it was found. But is it engraved? Here is what Dr. Goodman (1981, p215) has to say about it:

The geometric arrangement of the grooves, especially the fact that some of the grooves radiate from a common intersection, makes it highly unlikely that the grooves were formed naturally in a streambed or similar environment. The consistent depth of the grooves also argues against a natural origin.

Indeed, there are many such sites all up and down the Pacific coastline. Goodman (1981) gives this information in a table on page 85:

  • Calico Hills, California and 200,000- maybe even 500,000 years ago
  • Hueyatlaco at 250,000-300,000 years ago
  • El Horno in Mexico at 250,000 years ago
  • Flagstaff, AZ at 100-170 years ago
  • Mission Valley in San Diego at 100,000 years ago
  • Texas Street in San Diego at 70-170,000 years ago
  • Crown Point in San Diego at 70-170,000 years ago
  • Old Crow in the Yukon, Canada at 70-170,000 years ago
  • Sunnyvale, California at 70,000 years ago

This last site is where the Sunnyvale girl (evidence of human remains in America 70,000 years ago) was discovered. I wrote about this skeleton and about the Del Mar skull, dated to 48,000 years ago, in my last blog.


Here is where it gets interesting:

Both the Sunnyvale girl (maybe 70,000 years old) and the Del Mar man (48,000 years old) were fully modern homo sapiens in America. But homo sapiens did not reach Europe until 43,000 years ago when they suddenly start competing with Neanderthals. Where did these Cro-Magnon homo sapiens come from? Africa? Or America? Goodman (1981) says America, and he has evidence supporting that theory.

Which came first, American or African homo sapiens? Or did both originate from some lost, drowned land? Hard to tell. Human-made tools show up in Africa and some parts of the east as early as 400,000 years ago. But archeologists are looking diligently over there, not over in the Americas.

Nonetheless, I have read about some other very old sites in the Americas. Here are some controversial sites dated 100,000 years ago or older:

  • 9 million years before present (ybp) Table Top mountain was capped with lava. In that lava a mortar and pestle was reportedly found. (Some references say this artifact is 33-35 million years old.)
  • 3 million ybp: Stone tools found in the Pliocene Monte Hermosan formation on the Miramar coast of Argentina. (I have also seen this site dated at 20 million ybp, and a report of a human skeleton found with the tools.)
  • 3 million ybp: Human footprints at Puebla, Mexico. These are most likely 40,000 ybp based on the volcanic ash in which they were found.
  • 750,000 ybp: Holomon Pit tools (Oklahoma) which are more sophisticated than the homo erectus pekinsis tools found in China and dated to the same time.
  • 150,000 ybp: Wyoming Black Fork River Site (Corliss in Joseph (2013)).
  • 100,000 ybp: Manitoulin Island Calgary tools (Corliss in Joseph (2013)).
  • 100,000 ybp: Human remains at New Jersey’s Trenton gravels (Corliss in Joseph (2013).

So did modern humans migrate from Africa to Europe or from America to Europe? Or from some third area we have not discovered? It would seem there is an equal case for all these scenarios.

There is a YouTube for that:

This excellent documentary is on the suppression of the Hueyatlaco site.


Links are embedded in the text.


Goodman, Jeffrey (1981). American Genesis: The startling new theory that the first fully modern men made their world debut in North America. New York: Summit Books.

Hardaker, Christopher (2007). The First Americans: The Suppressed Story of the People who Discovered the New World. Franklin Lakes, NJ: The Career Press, Inc.

Joseph, Frank (2013). Before Atlantis: 20 Million Years of Human and Pre-Human Cultures. Rochester: Bear and Company.




Million Year Old Human Footprints

For quite some time I have been collecting information on million-plus year old out-of-place-artifacts (aka ooparts) and thought it might be fun to list them in a blog. So, I started with fossilized footprints for this blog and I will move onto more interesting human-made artifacts for the next blog.

So here are footprints in the mud—uh, fossilized mud:

new-mexico-problematica-close-up-th.jpgPhoto reproduced in many places on the www

This footprint comes from what is know as the Permian layer, dated to 250-290 millions years ago.

The first of two great extinction events occurred about 252.2 million years ago, wiping out most of life on earth. This human would have walked before that time.

The print was discovered in New Mexico and was authentic enough for the Smithsonian to publish an article about it.


nevada_shoe_sole.jpgPhoto from

Sometime after that first extinction event 252.2 million years ago, someone may have left a shoe print which is said to show a “well defined sewn thread” and “indentation, exactly such as would have been made by the bone of the heel rubbing upon and wearing down the material of which the sole had been made.” (I am unable to find a picture with enough detail to show sewn seams.)

The statement was made by Dr. W.H. Ballou in 1922. The article that was cited is said to be from the New York Sunday American. Dr. Ballou also published in Scientific American.

Opposing opinions: The major critic of these million year old human footprints is Glen J. Kuban. He has shown some examples of natural rock formation he calls “similar” to this print. To me, his examples were not convincing.


hqdefault.jpgWeb picture appears in multiple sites. It maybe from Michael Tellinger’s YouTube video.

This is Michael Tellinger in South Africa next to a print almost too big to believe, yet there it is.

The movement of the earth plates has pushed the print up vertically and you can see where toes pushed the mud ahead of the foot. Mr. Tellinger has done a nice (short) YouTube on this piece which is dated to around 200 millions years ago at a minimum. (The print, not the video.) It—the print—might be billions of years old according to Mr. Tellinger.


Humans walking with Dinosaurs

foot1.jpgPrint posted on many different websites

This is the Delk footprint from the Paluxy riverbed in Texas. It certainly looks like a dinosaur print over a human one. It has been dated to the Cretaceous period 145-65 million years ago.

The second of the two great extinctions occurred 65 million years ago, so he—or she—would have walked the earth before that event.

Is it real? Unfortunately most information on million year old human prints is found on Creationist websites. They are cited as evidence that earth was created in 7 days.

What does critic Glen J. Kuban have to say about this print? His final arguments center around the creationists’ inability to provide “convincing proof” of their theory. But there are other theories that would account for the authenticity of these prints.

Later debunkers claimed the fossil was “carved” as Kuban found the back of the dinosaur print to be too wide. Wouldn’t a dinosaur slosh and slide in the mud?

You would need, I think, an impartial geologist to affirm or debunk the hoax theory.

There are reported to be trails of these prints up and down the river, but the pictures I found of larger sections of the Paluxy riverbed showed no more than puddled indentations in the rocks.

Here are more close-ups attributed to the site:




This next print is attributed to an 1885 article in the American Anthropologist and is said to be in Brea, Kentucky:



Some questionable shoe prints:

Huella A 6.JPG

Here is another picture of a fossilized shoe print, this one found in sediment 15 million years old. One website says it was discovered in a seam of coal in Fisher Canyon, Pershing County, Nevada. (Ah, wait: the youngest coal is 250 million years old.)

Searching further, I find a creationist website states this print was discovered in northern Washington state, this time in rock dated to 10-15 million years ago.

Yet another website claims the print to be 200 million years old and from Urumqi City in China.

Again there are reports of defined stitches and a wear pattern consistent with walking, but no clear detailed internet pictures are available.

I am skeptical about this one, I must admit.

foot4.jpgPhoto from &

This 290-355 million year old print is said to have a crushed trilobite embedded in the sole of the shoe. The trilobite is real, but is that a shoe?

Again evidence for the authenticity of this print comes from creationist websites. As a single example, this does not convince me. However, Dr. Clifford Burdick, a “creationist geologist” states there are other human prints in the area, including one of a child, but no pictures were shown.

If that is a shoe, it is very flat, so I remain undecided about this one.

If you do a search of “million year old human prints,” there are many other examples on the internet, but I have chosen the most convincing ones.




To put these footprints into perspective, there is an accepted Lucy-like human left footprint that dates to 3.7 million years ago. Not 15 million, or 30 million, or 300 million, or even a billion years old.

It is hard to imagine all these prints are coincidental, or are faked. And with two great extinction events intervening between 290 million and 15 million years ago, it does seem plausible that humankind has prospered only to go nearly extinct more than once on the earth.





Pesky Purses: Whatever floats your boat

All photos courtesy of the Ancient Enthusiast unless otherwise specified

Where are they going, anyway?

While searching through almost 100 photos of pesky purses the Ancient Enthusiast had collected, it occurred to me that it might be useful to put them in order of date. In doing so, what I discovered about them is quite interesting.

We will start our journey in Gobekli Tepe 10,500 BCE, then move to Iran somewhere between 9000 and 6000 BCE.

As you look at these examples, remember the Ice Age and the last great extinction (some say caused by a comet impacting central Mexico) started about 11,800 BCE and ended about 9400 BCE.


Pillar 43 at Gobekli Tepe prior to 10,500 BCE:

Untitled2.png                                     Photo by Klaus-Peter Simon (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (, via Wikimedia Commons

Teppe Yahya, 6000-9000 B.C. Kerman- Iran:


From this point, we go to the Jiroft culture and move around the Mediterranean. I am only showing a very small sample of the artifacts from about 3000 BCE to the 1st century BCE.


Jiroft Culture 2000-3000 BCE:



I like the last one because the figures seem to be swimming and, of course, Oannes is the fish-tailed god who came from the sea to teach the civilizing arts. I believe that Oannes dates back even earlier as first Enki of Sumerian (5300-1940 BCE) lore and then as Ae of Akkadian (2334-2157 BCE) lore. They are all fish-tailed gods from the sea who brought civilization to humankind.

Babylon 1894-141 BCE:

Untitled6.pngBird-Apkallu statuettes


Late Hittite, 1600-1178 BCE:

Untitled7.pngUntitled8.png                                         Museum of Anatolian Civilizations
Untitled.pngFortress of Karatepe, Kadril, Osmaniye


Mitanni 1500-1300 BCE:



Phoenician Lebanon, 1200-800 BCE:

Untitled10.pngFragment of the altar with the image of the goddess of Yanouh. Beirut National Museum

Assyrian 700-800 BCE:

Untitled11.pngPlaques depicting a winged demon and a fish-man, probably Oannes


Ancient Armenia   860-590 BCE:

Untitled12.pngUntitled13.pngLower image: Fragment of a bronze helmet


Syro-Phoenician 700 to 600 BCE (time of Nimrod):


Untitled15.pngBottom image drawn by Faucher-Gudin, from an Assyrian bas-relief from Nimrûd. From Maspero’s History of Egypt, vol 3. (Public Domain)

The historian Berosus first wrote about Oannes in the later Babylonian era. But, remember, his legend goes back to 5000 BCE when he was known as Enki. Reputed to come from the sea to teach the “civilizing arts,” among them agriculture, language, architecture, mathematics, Enki later became Ae, then Oannes.

Northern Syria 800-750 BCE:


Etruscan 768-264 BCE:



This is where it gets interesting:

Now go back and think about this one:


Where are they going? West, perhaps, to the Americas?

We don’t find much more around the Mediterranean after about 700-500 BCE, but we do start finding them in Central and South America. At about this time the Phoenicians (Carthaginians) were at the high point in their maritime activities. And about this time there were three great invasions of Phoenecia. First the Assyrians (883-605 BCE), then the Babylonians (605-538 BCE), then the Persians (538-332 BCE) took over and ruled the area. Did the “pesky purses” suddenly show up in the Americas with some fleeing Phoenicians?


Peru  700 BCE


Untitled19.pngTomb of the Serpent Jaguar Priests in Peru  

Compare the stone artifact above to those from the Jiroft culture (3000-2000 BCE):



Mexico 700 BCE:

Untitled20.pngBy Cesarth (Own work) [GFDL ( or CC BY-SA 3.0 (, via Wikimedia Commons

These are from Tula (Tollan), The Capital of Toltec Empire. They are also known as  the Atlantian Columns.

The “warrior” bags these statues carry seem to be a variation found in several Central and South American cultures. There is another Mayan example below.

LaVenta (Olmec) 400 BCE-200 CE:

Untitled21.pngBy Audrey and George Delange (Audrey and George Delange) [Attribution], via Wikimedia Commons

Mayan somewhere between 250-900 CE:



Veracruz, Mexico, 600 – 900 CE:


Moche 100-700 CE:

Untitled24.pngUntitled25.pngPainting on vessel (Hocquenghen 1987)   From original research by Aedo Fernando on AE


Tairona, Colombia, 900 CE – 1600 CE:


Now I am wondering–did the image of the pesky purse travel to ancient America with ancient mariners?

We find very few examples in other parts of the world. That is why I think it is not just a matter of “independent invention” that brought the pesky purse to the Americas, but rather a case of diffusion from one specific area to another. But just to be fair, here are the two instances of purses in other parts of the world captured by the Ancient Enthusiast:

4th century CE, Zenica, Bosnia:


Yes, I think this is more likely to be a coincidence, but then….symbols last for millennia, even when their original meaning is forgotten.

Sumba, an island in eastern Indonesia:


My search did not turn up anything concrete about this artifact. Most Sumba “statues” are more Moai like. This may be a later date.

One final connection: Coso Rock Art:

Untitled29.pngUS Park Service photo

Note the date. Habitation of the area started sometime after the last ice age, 10,000 BCE about the time of Gobekli Tepe, our first example.

Now look at this sketch of the rock art with what are being called “medicine bags”:

Untitled30.pngLittle Petroglyph Canyon, California USA . Coso rock art district. Photo is on Stephen Bodio’s Querencia blog.  (Scroll down.)


I seriously doubt this petroglyph is from the end of the Ice Age. But is it possible that it is an ancient symbol carried down generation after generation?

And maybe those pesky purses are Medicine bags as many suggest. Think back to my previous blogs about Chief Joseph’s Cuneiform stone and the Assyrian Star of Ishtar  on his medicine bag…another clue to the ancient past.

The Chief Joseph artifacts date back to the Sumerians and Assyrians 2040 BCE. Were there two migrations? One before 2040 BCE and a second wave about 800-900 BCE. Or perhaps migration was just continuous.

Pesky Purse images in the 20th and 21st Century:

Try as I might, I could not find images from the 20th or 21st  century until my friend, D, put me onto one. To see the images, click HERE.

Reported to contain “lucky charms (talismans) from family and friends, this pesky purse is also alleged to be a secret communication devise. Put on a banquet table, it means, “We leave in 5 minutes.” Changed from arm to arm, it is reported to mean, “Get me away from this boring person, NOW!”

You decide.


New Information just in:

While knitting, I was listening to Laird Scranton’s Lost Origins Interview on YouTube.

He talked about the Maori in New Zealand. They have a legendary figure, Tane, who climbed a mountain (or went to heaven) and came back with knowledge in three handbags, the same number of pesky purses on the Gobekli Tepe carving.

Laird Scranton thinks the shape represents the “squaring of the circle,” so important to sacred geometry. The square, he says, represents our physical dimension and the circle represents another timeless dimension. Squaring the circle is communication between the two. More secret messages in images.


The Ancient Enthusiast for all his help with finding the era and area of many of the artifacts above. And for putting together 100 examples on his Facebook page!

Laird Scranton’s Lost Origin’s blog: Perspectives on Ancient Handbag Images

My friend, S, for pointing out the images on Ancient Enthusiast and my friend D for putting me onto the 21st century usage of the symbol.


Pesky purses revisited

Last December I wrote a blog about Pillar 43 at Gobekli Tepe and equated “those pesky purses” found at the top with containers for lost knowledge and those holding them as knowledge bearers.

Pillar 43 at Gobekli Tepe:

pillar.jpgPhoto by Klaus-Peter Simon (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (, via Wikimedia Commons


Apparently I am not the only one fascinated by “pesky purses” and not the only one to see them as containers for knowledge.

Here is some background:

Graham Hancock first brought up the subject in his book Magicians of the Gods (2015). He was writing about Pillar 43 at Gobekli Tepe. As Graham Hancock pointed out, the containers, or banduddû can be found in Babylon and are associated with the Assyrian Apkallu:

Wall_relief_depicting_an_eagle-headed_and_winged_man,_Apkallu,_from_Nimrud-2..JPGBy Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (, via Wikimedia Commons


And they are found in South America, most notably on the La Venta Stele:

La_Venta_Stele_19_(Delange).jpgPublic Domain: By Audrey and George Delange (Audrey and George Delange) [Attribution], via Wikimedia Commons


Here is some new information:

Freddy Silva has written an article for the Ancient Origins website and he has more to say about the “knowledge” these “pesky purses” contain.

His article,  Banduddû: Solving the Mystery of the Babylonian Container is in the member’s section and not generally available to the public, so I will summarize his main points as they relate to my previous blog post. (If you have not checked out Ancient Origins website, do so. You do not have to be a “member” to subscribe and get some really enlightening articles—just not this one.)

In his article, Freddy Silva makes note of the many depictions of the Apkallu around fruit trees:

King-Ashur-nasir-pal-II-1.jpgBy M0tty (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (, via Wikimedia Commons


He equates the tree with the Tree of Knowledge, so famous for bearing the fruit of forbidden knowledge. I would agree. I also see this as an earlier version of the Qabalistic Tree of Life which has three columns and side “spheres:”

tol_map.gifCopyright 2002-Servants of the Light (Used with permission)


We find the Tarot key of the Fool, carrying his “pesky purse” from Kether—the white sphere—to Chokmah—the grey sphere.

RWS_Tarot_00_Fool.jpgFrom Rider-Waite-Smith deck. No longer under copyright.

Pinecones or pomegranates?

Now take a look at the object held up by the Apkallu:

8606000868_78ae19fba6_b.jpg(CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)


Freddy Silva identifies them as the pomegranates, the forbidden fruit of the Tree of Knowledge. I disagree. I see them as pine cones, representative of the pineal gland, long associated in mystical literature with third eye, and with the ability to “see beyond….” The pinecone is associated with hidden (but not necessarily forbidden) knowledge.

Here is a picture from Freddy Silva’s article showing “real life” banduddû:


banduddu.jpg(Fabien Dany and CC BY-SA 2.5)



Note the serpents on several of them and compare that to the man surrounded by the serpent on the La Vente stele:

La_Venta_Stele_19_(Delange).jpgPublic Domain: By Audrey and George Delange (Audrey and George Delange) [Attribution], via Wikimedia Commons


Snakes and serpents are a symbol of regeneration, rebirth as Mr. Silva aptly points out in his article. But serpents are also a symbol for kundalini. Now consider the pinecone as the pineal, the “destination” of rising kundalini, as that which awakens the powers of the pineal.

Finally, to quote Mr. Silva, “…the mysterious banduddû seems to be associated with a form of restricted knowledge that links the mortal world with that of the gods.” I quite agree, but for somewhat differing reasons.

He then goes on to postulate that Gobekli Tepe was, among other things, a special “classroom.” Perhaps it was more than that—perhaps it was intended to help preserve and share this special knowledge.


For more information:

Banduddû: Solving the Mystery of the Babylonian Container;

Note: There is so much more in this article than I have illustrated here. I have only touched on some of the major points.

Ancient Origins:

Qabalistic Tree of Life:



Previous posts on “pesky purses:”



The Irish Round Towers



Glendalough Round Tower   Attribution: Hopmans at nl.wikipedia


According to Professor Phillip Callahan these enigmatic towers were built as antennae and they function much like the antennae of insects, picking up electromagnetic frequencies.

If that is the case, then the strange placement of the “doors” well above ground would have a purpose—to tune the tower to a specific frequency. In addition, many are filled with rubble, perhaps to further refine the tuning.

There is anecdotal evidence that electromagnetic frequencies can affect human behavior (Try walking by the Cliff of Tears at Gungywamp.   They may enhance meditation (Have you ever been in a place where you felt absolute peace and even transcendence?). There are studies supporting the idea that electromagnetic fields can have healing affects.

Were these towers intended to re-tune the electromagnetic energy of the sun, of lightening, and of other natural phenomenon to enhance spiritual development? Or perhaps to heal? Or maybe even as communication devices?

A star map:

Consider this: The position of the Round Towers, which seems random, actually maps the stars in the northern hemisphere on the winter solstice, perhaps the most peaceful time of the year. The night sky is one of three sources of detectable energy. (The sun and lightening are the other two.) The careful placement of the towers against the night sky indicates they were built for more than just protection from invading Vikings as is the accepted theory.

Another interesting fact:

Carbon dating at some of the Round Towers puts them at the 9th to 12th century AD. If they are electromagnetic structures, then the knowledge would have had to have been kept throughout the centuries. Certainly we know that the knowledge of dousing, an ancient technique to find earth energies and currents, has been carried through the generations and is still used today.

Worldwide antennae:

What about the pyramids, stone circles, standing stones, and other stone structures? Electromagnetic anomalies have been found at them. Perhaps they, too, refine electromagnetic energy so that we may access and use it. The phenomenon seems to be worldwide.

Professor Phillip Callahan’s fascinating work with natural energy and how ancient man was able to use it is a bit complex for someone who has no familiarity with radio electronics. However, one can get a sense of it by reading this article on the web.

It is an interesting read as the article also covers levitation in the Great Pyramid and suggests an Egyptian connection between the knowledge of the Irish monks and the ancient Egyptians.

For information on ancient knowledge of the electromagnetic spectrum, see Glenn Kreisberg’s article on the Graham Hancock website.




Apache Crown Dancers: In memory of a lost drowned land?

Apache-Spirit-Dancers-1887.jpg                        This image has been reproduced on many blogs—I am unable to find the original


Sometimes different thoughts will tickle the back of my awareness just itching to percolate up and join together in some way:

As I was taught by a Tineh (what we call Apache*) elder, each morning her people greet the sun with tobacco and a prayer to the Four Directions, Mother Earth, and Father Sky. To the south they say, “…to the good red road home.” That always struck me as meaningful, and I always wondered what that meaning was.

Later I would read various authors claiming the Apache Crown Dance had roots in Atlantis, the lost drowned land. But that idea seemed far-fetched until I discovered L. Taylor Hansen’s book, The Ancient Atlantic.

Ms. Hansen got her information from Chief Asa Delugie, Geronimo’s nephew and the Crown Dance leader whom she met in the 1960s. In the book, Ms. Hansen recounts her fascinating conversation with Asa Delugie. During the course of the conversation she showed him pictures of the fire gods from Asia, Egypt, and Peru. Chief Delugie recognized them but told her he could not reveal the name of the fire-god. Ms. Hansen asked if she might tell him the name of the god as given in the Egyptian Book of the Dead. It was, he revealed, the same—but asked her not to repeat it out of respect. She agreed.

During the conversation, Asa Delugie also recognized a picture of a megalithic city terraced onto the side of a mountain in Peru, stating it was once their home. He then goes on to describe subterranean tunnels and other construction details not in the picture.

Before she left Ms. Hansen showed him the lid to a small pot from the First Dynasty in Egypt. It had a picture of a priest putting black paint on the legs of a deity—the same deity whose name may not be revealed according to the Chief. There was still red sand in the cracks of the lid and Chief Delugie said the jar contained black paint and was once packed in the red sand of Atlantis, the old red land. To this day, the Crown Dancers cover their faces in black.


93744372-155D-451F-67AF9C9730F606E8-large.jpgPhoto credit: National Park Service

Here are some other points that relate to the Old Red Land, the drowned land of the ancestors:

  • The Crown Dancers come in from the east—the direction of the Atlantic—wearing tridents on their heads. The trident of Poseidon is the symbol for Atlantis to this day.
  • On their breasts, the men wear mirrors with down feathers representing the twin star Venus—the morning and the evening star. (That the morning star and the evening star are one was hidden knowledge in many ancient traditions all across the globe—it would take hundreds of years of observation to establish that fact.)
  • The leader of the dance wears a helmet with feather on top. It resembles a mountain with a smoking volcano, the description of Atlantis.
Drawing of helmet based on L. Taylor Hansen p. 127.
  • The eight pyramids across the bottom and 13 pyramids up the sides are significant and also relate to hidden knowledge about the star Venus. In the time it takes Earth to revolve around the sun eight times, Venus will have made 13 revolutions. The eight pyramids on the bottom of the helmet represent Earth’s revolutions and the 13 up the sides represent Venus’s revolutions.


Here is something interesting, but I could not substantiate it:

In Atlantis in Wisconsin (2008) Frank Joseph claims that the speaker of the Apache Crown Dance thrusts his trident into the ground, declaring, “I remember the old red land.” In an earlier book, Survivors of Atlantis (2004), he claims the speaker says, “I remember the old red land of my forefathers and how it sank beneath the sea.” Joseph did not tell us where he got this information and I can find no pictures of dancers carrying tridents—they wear them on their heads.

However, Chief Delugie did speak about the Tineh legend of the sinking of the homeland with “fire” and “shaking,” but whether this is part of the Crown Dance, Hansen did not tell us.

But here is the best part:

When Hansen first saw the Crown Dancers she was reminded of something. Years before she had met a traveler who claimed to have seen the fire-dance of the Taureg, a mysterious and closed group of Berbers in the Sahara. The dancers of this African tribe also file in from the direction of the Atlantic. They, too, wore tridents on their heads—but their tridents were flaming. When Ms Hansen mentioned the Taureg, Chief Delugie recognized the name—he pronounced it Taurak and stated the name means, “people of the all-glorious fire god,”—the same fire-god of the Crown Dance whose name may not be revealed.

That got my mind percolating again:

So the men of the Apache and Taureg did similar fire-honoring dances.

And, according to the Tineh elder, OhShinnah, the Bedouin women had a Moon ceremony. (Bedouin is a catch-all term for nomadic tribes of the Sahara, like the Taureg.) OhShinnah taught us that Moon ceremony; she said went back 45,000 years. She did not, however, get it directly from the Tineh women. She said it came through a friend of one of her Native American ancestors. Coincidence or a thought coming to life?



Hansen, L. Taylor (1969). The Ancient Atlantic. Amherst, WI: Amherst press. (Pp. 127-135; 283, 353; 389.)

Joseph, Frank (2008). Atlantis in Wisconsin: New Revelations About the Lost Sunken City. Lakeville, MN: Galde Press, Inc.

Joseph, frank (2004). Survivors of Atlantis: Their Impact on World Culture. Rochester, VT: Bear & Company.


* According to this elder, OhShinnah, Apache is the Zuni word for enemy. The Zuni acted as guides to the soldier in the southwest. When Zuni scouts saw the Tineh, they told the soldier they were “Apache,” their enemy. The name has stuck. But these people call themselves Tineh. Just as the Navajo are called Dineh. The people.


Guadeloupe Woman: How old?



I wanted to do something that is just plain weird this week–all that thinking was getting to me, I suppose. And life should include a little weird fun.

So I decided to look into the Guadeloupe Woman, a fossilized skeleton of a woman discovered in 1812 and stored in the British Museum. Some internet articles claim the fossil is imbedded in limestone formed 28 million years ago.

At first glance I thought it a great find. After all, I like the idea that an extremely advanced civilization was on this earth maybe even millions of years ago. Unfortunately, the same evidence supporting my theory also supports Creationist Theories. And sure enough, when I went to look for differing opinions on the Guadeloupe woman, I found most arguments to be anti-creationist rants. Come on guys, look at the facts.

Is she really 28 million years old?

Unfortunately for my pet theory, no, she may not be that old.  It seems at least some of the “limestone” in the area is a concretion of calcareous sand, making her thousands not millions of years old.

But, in 1813 Karl König, Keeper of the Natural History collections at the British Museum, stated that the formation in which she was found could not be dated. Apparently, there are more recent ways to date limestone. Here is what I could not find: A current geologic analyses of the limestone in which she is imbedded.

So, honestly, I have no idea.

One other weird theory: “Beam me up, Scotty.”

I posted the original article on Facebook and a friend had another theory.  I quote her, “What did she do, beam herself into solid rock by mistake?”

I like that!

Cuneiform in America 4000 years ago

Judging from the artifacts they left behind, the Assyrians and Sumerians made quite an extensive voyage to the Americas about 4000 years ago. This the first installment of a three entry blog that presents the evidence.

Chief Joseph’s Cuneiform Tablet


The most famous piece of evidence passed down among the Nez Perce tribe of Montana was a strange cuneiform tablet known to us as the Chief Joseph Tablet. Housed in the museum at West Point, this tablet was photographed by Warren C. Dexter in 1991, the tablet was taken from—some say gifted by—Chief Joseph when he was captured in 1877.

Chief Joseph, best known for his statement, “I will fight no more forever,” claimed he inherited it from his white ancestors and that it had been in his family for generations. He carried the inch square baked tablet in a medicine pouch with the Star of Ashur, an Assyrian symbol, on it. (That is the subject of my next blog.)

Translated by Professor Robert Biggs of the University of Chicago, the Chief Joseph tablet reads, “Nalu received 1 lamb from Abbashaga on the 11th day of the month of the festival of An, in the year Enmahgalanna was installed as high priestess of Nanna.” That would be 2042 BCE.

Now, some websites claim this tablet is a forgery, to which I would reply: Really? Chief Joseph knew the Assyrian language and wrote in cuneiform, you say. And he knew the history of the priestesses of Nanna, too. So tell me how Chief Joseph came by that knowledge in the 1880s? (That in itself is a good mystery—especially since cuneiform was first deciphered in 1857 in Britian.)


The Hearn Cuneiform Tablet

hearn_cuneiform_tablet-1.jpgThe Hearn tablet was discovered in Georgia in 1963. It is a receipt for sheep and goats intended as sacrifice to the sun god Utu and the goddess Lama Lugal. The scribe, Enlila, states it was the 37th or 38th year of the reign of King Suigi of Ur, Sumeria. That dates this tablet to 2040 BCE, two years prior to the Chief Joseph tablet.

The Hearn tablet is made of lead, not clay. There are other lead pieces found on the Hearn property dated to the same time. So it would seem at least this tablet may have been created here in the Americas. Lead smelting and the need to create a receipt for goods exchanged, I would say, indicates a larger presence than just a handful of explorers.


The Shawnee Creek Stone of Oklahoma


The Shawnee Creek Stone is yet a third important discovery.

According to Gloria Farley who was one of the pioneers of the movement to discover and preserve evidence of pre-Comumbian trans-Atlantic travel:

“Borrowing the [Shawnee Creek] stone, I made a latex mold and my son Mark Farley obtained a clear photograph, both of which were sent to Dr. Barry Fell. His returning telephone call told me that he believed the find to be of great importance, as the design resembles the seals from ancient Dilmun in the Arabian Gulf. (This is the name which the Arabs give to the Persian Gulf. Dilmun was located mainly on the island of Bahrain.) The inscription, said Dr. Fell, appears to employ the ideographs used by Dilmunian scribes, especially the ones for ‘Inanna, Goddess of Love and Queen of Heaven.’ He told me that Inanna also related to the Sumerians. Sumer is now modern Iraq.”

Molds of the inscription were sent to Ali Akbar H. Bushiri a scholar of ancient Bahrain who wrote about the Dilmun culture. He confirmed that four of the five symbols related to Inanna. We have the circle with 8 rays (the Venus star), the vertical line with semicircle (Inanna), the “U” shape (Nanna, Moon God and father to Inanna), and the vertical line with 2 of 3 bars–the third bar having been chipped off (symbol of fertility).

Who was Inanna?


The reign of Inanna (also spelled Innana) as the Goddess of Love seems to have begun in 5300 BCE (the date for the “founding” of Sumer) and lasted right through the period of Akkadain rule in both Sumer and Assyria (2334-2218). Dilmun is south of Sumer. This places the Shawnee Creek Stone in the same date and geographic range as the two cuneiform tablets, although the stone could also have been much earlier or even later.

So we have one tablet (2042 BCE) that is Assyrian, one tablet (2040 BCE) that is Sumerian and one that is carved stone related to either Sumer or Assyria. All three can be related to one single era—just before the Akkandian rule of both Sumer and Assyria.


How did these artifacts get to America?

It is argued that neither the Sumerian nor the Assyrian people were navigators and could not have made it to America. So how did the tablets come to be found in America?

We need to remember that the Akkadian period began with the conquest of Assyria and Sumeria by Sargon of Akkad. His desire to expand and gain power may have extended to exploration, even across the Atlantic.

But the two cuneiform tablets are dated firmly to 2042 and 2040 BCE and Sargon’s conquest is dated to 2334 BCE. So either the tablets were made in Assyria and Sumeria before the conquest and then brought to America during a later Akkadian exploration, or they were made in America signifying Assyrian/Sumerian exploration before Akkadian rule.  In which case, we need to re-examine the statement that the Assyrians and Sumerians were not navigators. Perhaps they did navigate far distances, even across the Atlantic.

And we must remember Chief Joseph claimed his “white ancestors” passed the stone down through the generations. Is it possible that Assyrians and/or Sumerians came to this country to escape Sargon of Akkad and his conquering armies? If so, this would not be the last time the Americas became a haven for those escaping harsh conditions in their motherlands.



Photos of the tablets and some basic information in this blog are from the much quoted articles by Benjamin Daniali of the Assyrian Times.

But for more detailed and substantiated information see: Farley, Gloria (1994). In Plain Sight: Old world records in ancient America. Muskogee, OK: Hoffman Printing Company (pp. 150-155).        (There is a picture of the Shawnee Creek stone translation on p. 153.)