Not one, but three faces on Mars

Martian_face_viking-3.jpgImage by Viking 1 in 1976. NASA [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons


When I first heard about the face on Mars, I—like many people—was fascinated. Could it be evidence of intelligent life? Was the universe even stranger than we had imagined? Or was this simply a trick of Light and shadow?

And, I wondered, why was it taking so long to go back and look for the answer?

Indeed, it was another twenty years before the face was re-imaged, this time by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (1996-2006).

1280px-Face_on_Mars_with_Inset.jpgBy NASA / JPL / University of Arizona [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

To my great disappointment, the pronouncement was that it was simply a natural feature, a trick of light and shadow. But was it?



Enter John E. Brandenburg PhD:

Initially a plasma physicist working on research for the various space program, Dr. Brandenburg’s interest in the Mars question became a life-long passion. And his career, including work on the Clementine Moon Mission, gave him access to some surprising information.

His book, Death on Mars: The Discovery of a Planetary Nuclear Massacre, is a fascinating account of his career and discoveries over the years. For instance, there is not one, but three faces on Mars.


The Three Faces of Mars

The image we have seen, the one pictured above, is from a region called Cydonia.

The second and third faces are from the region of Utopia and are called Galaxias and Chaos and also known as Galaxias A and Galaxias B.

Face A & B.jpgNASA Image 86A10 from Brandenberg (2015)

Here is a close-up of Galaxas:

Utopia Face 1.jpgTHEMIS image V22286011 2007 Galaxias Face A


But were the faces made by intelligent life?

For a variety of reasons, I would contend they were. The most compelling is the similarity among them.

Despite the obvious erosion, the faces share many characteristics in common, including:

  • Overall structure of nose, mouth and eyes
  • Helmets
  • Helmet ornamentations
  • Indentations over the left eyes
  • Marks on the cheeks

Furthermore, enhancement of Galaxias A shows symmetric brickwork on the nose and a pupil in an eye while enhancement of the Cydonia image shows nostrils.

But what is most interesting, all three faces are situated in what appears to be the rubble of destroyed cities beside a long-dead ocean.



Yes, there was once an ocean on Mars

Or, so it would seem.

Brandenburg had access to the reports on soil samples taken from the Viking lander that touched down in an area with all the geologic characteristics of a vast ocean. The soil samples were salty. But was there water on Mars?

Based on data retrieved from analysis of meteorites, yes there was once water on Mars. But not only water–organic matter and microfossils were obtained from the same meteorites.

s96-12609.jpgElectron microscope photo of Meteorite ALH84001 showing microfossils (NASA)


Mars was once like Earth

As shocking as this may seem, all this suggests that Mars once had an atmosphere—a greenhouse bubble—that supported life. And if the humanoid faces are any indication, that life included human-like beings who, according to Brandenburg, had progressed to the stone-age as evidenced not only by the sphinxlike faces but by the pyramidal structure close to those faces.

So what happened to this stone-age civilization?


Enter xenon 129, krypton and argon 36 analysis

Brandenburg also had access to reports on the Martian atmosphere (or lack thereof). He found an excess of xenon and krypton gases in relation to argon-36.

There is only one thing that could account for that ratio and that is a violent hydrogen bomb explosion. Nuclear reactions like those in nuclear power plants just will not do it. It had to be a bomb. Why? Because analysis of our atmosphere after exploding nuclear bombs obtained the same signature.


Was there a nuclear war on Mars?

That is Brandenburg’s hypothesis and his arguments are convincing at least to the point of demanding further study.


But who could have exploded those hydrogen bombs and when?

Because Brandenburg believes Martian civilization did not advance further than the stone-age, he contends that a civilization outside our solar system was responsible.

I am not so sure. I do not think we can look at what appear to be stone-age structures and say the civilization was only stone-aged. It is equally likely an advanced Martian civilization wiped itself out (a chilly warning, if we care to take it) and all that survived were megalithic structures from the past. As would happen here under similar circumstances.

When did this nuclear explosion happen? According to Brandenburg about 200 million years ago, the time of the Great Permian extinction on Earth—a time when life was nearly knocked of our own planet as well.

Take another look at the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter image:

1280px-Face_on_Mars_with_Inset.jpgBy NASA / JPL / University of Arizona [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons


Look at the symmetry of the face. Look at the nostrils. Now think about what 200 million years of erosion would do to carved details. I am surprised this much has remained.


More questions than answers

Why does our most famous survivor of the Permian extinction—the cockroach—show resistance to radiation? Did a thermonuclear event also happen on Earth? (Brandenburg, 2015)

And what about the out-of-place artifacts found on our planet? Could the inhabitants of Mars have made it to Earth hundreds of millions of years ago? Does this explain 252 + million year old footprints discussed in my earlier blog.

More intriguing: Could Martian “humans” have been marooned on Earth all those hundreds of millions of years ago, surviving and eventually adapting and evolving to become the humans we know today? Does Mars hold the bones of our ancestors?

And why, I now wonder, are the faces pointing up to the cosmos where only airborne craft would see them, not inhabitants on the surface of the planet?


One more thing

It would seem the search is now on with others finding more faces on Mars. This discovery is attributed to someone named Greg Orme:

MARS Face #4.pngFrom the MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR 1999.




Brandenburg PhD, John E. (2015). Death on Mars: The Discovery of a Planetary Nuclear Massacre. Kempton, IL: Adventures Unlimited Press.



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