While I was looking for evidence of comet impacts in the Americas, I came upon this interesting artifact on the noahsage blog and, as usual, it took me off in a whole different direction.
Photo credit: Cyrus H. Gordon in Before Columbus (1971) p. 91
The Metcalf Stone was found in Fort Benning, Georgia in 1966 or 1967 by Manfred Metcalfe who was “mining” stone from an abandoned mill for his barbecue pit–a common practice that has destroyed many of our ancient treasures. (Mining stone from ancient sites that is, not building barbecue pits.) Fortunately, Mr. Metcalf realized what he had and had the good sense to bring it to the Columbus Museum of Arts and Crafts.
Perhaps the most comprehensive work done on the stone is by Cyrus H. Gordon, PhD. His book is Before Columbus: Links Between the Old World and Ancient America. Here are his thoughts:
- The area in which it was found (assuming it was not imported before being built into the mill) is the home of the Yuchis. This Native American group have an eight day festival quite similar to the Hebrew Feast of the Tabernacle. (Maybe a topic for another blog? Teaser: The Hope of Israel site claims, “Dr. Cyrus Gordon, of Brandeis University in Boston, was privileged to sit in on one of the fall harvest festivals of the Yuchi Indians, and listened to their chants, songs, and sacred ceremonies. An expert in Hebrew, Minoan, and many Middle Eastern languages, he was incredulous. As he listened, he exclaimed to his companion, ‘They are speaking the Hebrew names for God!’“)
- The script on the stone has elements of Minoan, Mycenaean, and early Phoenician, placing it at 1200-2000 BCE. (Remember the Phoenicians were great sailors from the Mediterranean. Their crews were multi-cultural.)
- Similarities to Mayan and Aztec glyphs have been noted by other researchers. (I cannot help but wonder whether that means this is an Aztec or Mayan artifact or whether sea travelers influenced both Mediterranean and Aztec/Mayan scripts. And then, of course, which way did the influence go? We think Europe to America, but did it? What real proof do we have it was not the other way around? Or, more reasonably, both ways. Or a central origin that went in both directions. Oh dear, there is that “A” word again.)
From here Dr. Gordon’s book, now out-of-print, goes into a detailed discussion of the various Mediterranean scripts and how they are interrelated. But he never deciphers the stone.
In 1994, Gloria Farley (p. 11) speculated it might be a list of commodities. As far as I can see, Barry Fell does not mention it in any of this works.
The only translation I can find is from the noahsage blog and it is quite interesting. Check out the website for specifics.
Photo courtesy of noahsage.com
This places the dates of the stone in accord with Dr. Gordon. But when was the last pole shift?
Here is what NASA has to say:
“Reversals are the rule, not the exception. Earth has settled in the last 20 million years into a pattern of a pole reversal about every 200,000 to 300,000 years, although it has been more than twice that long since the last reversal. A reversal happens over hundreds or thousands of years, and it is not exactly a clean back flip….”
On the other hand, there are those who believe the poles shifted between 50,000 and 12,000 years ago. And that is a more likely date if this stone records a racial memory of this incredible event.
And there is evidence of an impact crater of recent origin at Hudson Bay–once the North Pole. The resulting debris impacted the Carolina bays–not far at all from Georgia.
Is this a record of the Hudson Bay impact–one that shifted the earth’s crust ending the last Ice Age? Perhaps.
Farley, Gloria (1994). In Plain Sight: Old World Records in Ancient America. Muskogee, OK: Hoffman Printing Company.
Freeborn, B. L. (2013). The Metcalf Stone Gives Up Its Secret. Retrieved March 1, 2016 from: https://noahsage.com/tag/metcalf-stone/.
Gordon, Cyrus H. (1971). Before Columbus: Links Between the Old World and Ancient America. New York: Crown Publishing, Inc.