Did Meteor Strikes Wipe Out the Golden Age?

BIGIMPCT.jpg         Photo by Don Davis for NASA and in Public Domain

If, as I have suggested, there was a Tep Zepi, a First Time, a Golden Age civilization that preceded the end of the last Ice Age, why isn’t it more evident now? Why are there only small bits and pieces left for us to find? Small bits and pieces that leave us wondering.

The best answer to this question is that there was a great cataclysm that wiped out all evidence of our past and that, as Graham Hancock says, we are now “a species with amnesia.” Indeed, the cataclysm would have to be great to wipe out all traces except those we now find in rock and in myths.

This is hard for us to believe because we live in an astrologically and geo-magnetically peaceful time. Sure, we saw what a moderate size tsunami could do to the geography in the Pacific and we witnessed the destruction—actually relatively minor—of the Chelyabinsk meteor,  but we have not witnessed any stellar-born impacts of the magnitude that wiped out the dinosaurs. As a species we tend to believe that what we have experienced in our lifetime is what there is. It is natural and normal to think that way. Indeed, it keeps us from wasting time and energy on far-off “what-ifs?”

It is all about the cycles of time and some cycles of time are within our experience. Winter turns to summer, summer to fall and fall back to winter. But many cycles of time are far outside the memory of anyone living today, or any other day in history.

Take the Taurid meteor showers. They are believed to be the remnants on a much larger comet that broke into pieces. (The largest piece we now know as the comet Encke.) Our planet passes through the Taurid stream May through June and again September through December each year. We only witness the fall display because the spring display happen during daylight hours.


But the Taurid stream has another cycle, one that is a millennia long as the meteor shower approaches closer to the earth, then moves away again. The last time the Taurid shower was closest to our earth was around 1178. And indeed we may well have an accounting by five monks of a strike on the moon related to this event. As Fratello Gervase, the Cantebury Chronicler writes:

“This year on the 18th of June, when the Moon, a slim crescent, first became visible, a marvelous phenomenon was seen by several men who were watching it. Suddenly, the upper horn of the crescent was split in two. From the mid point of the division, a flaming torch sprang up, spewing out over a considerable distance fire, hot coals and sparks. The body of the Moon which was below, writhed like a wounded snake. This happened a dozen times or more, and when the Moon returned to normal, the whole crescent took on a blackish appearance.”

Fire and hot coals and sparks, they all could be associated with a meteor impact. But what about the “blackish appearance”? That can be explained by dust and debris shot up by the impact obscuring the light reflected off the moon.

Indeed, we may have identified the crater caused by the 1178 meteor impact. Wikipedia reports the Giordano Bruno crater was formed “during the span of human history” so it may have happened in 1178. However, and this adds to the mystery, there is no other accounting that describes the event witnessed by the monks. It is more than likely that an event of this magnitude would have been recorded somewhere by someone.

Giordano_Bruno_crater_AS16-M-3008_ASU.jpg         giordano_bruno-300x222.jpg                                              The Giordano Bruno crater on the moon: both photos from Wikimedia and in the public domain

The Tunguska event of June 30, 1908 may also have been related to the Taurid showers.  Had this meteor struck earth instead of exploding in the atmosphere, the devastation would have been far greater. Still, it knocked down trees in a 830 square mile area and is now estimated to be 1000 times greater than the bomb that destroyed Hiroshima.

Still, it would seem to be a local event, right? And civilizations in other parts of the world would survive, right?

Not necessarily. Had these meteors struck earth, they would have sent a plume of dust and debris into the atmosphere, shutting off life-giving light to the plants below. They would die and with them, the herbivores, and with them the carnivores.  That is called an extinction event.

If it had hit in the ocean, then unimaginable tsunamis would wipe-out the most populated areas of the world—the coastlines.

And if it hit near a fault line, then earthquakes and volcanoes would result.

But meteor streams suggest just that, a stream of meteors hitting multiple locations compounding the problems caused by just one strike. Global fires, acid rains, food-chain collapse and mega-tsunamis—that combination would wipe out all trace of civilization. Just like it did the dinosaurs.

Just this morning I read about an impact, this one 780,000 years ago.   So we are discovering new evidence of devastating meteor strikes all the time.

So what about the last Ice Age? Could it be that meteor strikes needed it? Probably not.  Indeed it brought about a mini-Ice Age.

It turns out that he end of the Ice Age was a very turbulent time on planet earth and multiple cosmic impacts centered around North America caused what we know as the Younger Dryas—a sudden cooling of the planet as the impact debris shot into the atmosphere and covered the globe. The resulting collapse of food sources severely cripple or wiped-out civilizations just as it wiped out 65% of mammals over 100 pounds. And that would include humans.

But before a few thousand years before that there was an even more devastating event–multiple solar outbursts–but more on that later as I try to substantiate the evidence as it is presented. If something wiped out advanced civilizations, this seems a more likely culprit.

Ancient Roman Presence in America


What you see above is a Mi’kmaq petroglyph interpreted to be soldiers marching.  Kind of inconclusive of Roman presence until you add all the Roman artifacts that have been discovered in and around Nova Scotia, the home of the Mi’kmaq.

The most famous is probably the Oak Island (Nova Scotia) sword.

This is the most common  image of the sword.     Photo credit: investigatinghistory.org


The sword and other evidence:

Most internet accounts state the sword was found 70 years ago by two fishermen.  J. Hutton Pulitzer did an analysis of the sword and found it had traces of arsenic and lead–traces that are consistent with ancient Roman manufacture. Indeed, Mr. Pulitzer says it is identical to metals used by the Romans. However, based on analysis done by the History Channel, the metal used to make the sword is also consistent with mid 19th century brass. Hoaxing?  Maybe, or maybe just a lost reproduction from someone’s collection.

Searching further, I found there is a shipwreck believed to be Roman off Nova Scotia and other Roman artifacts have been found in the area, including a legionnaire’s whistle and a shield.

Artifacts are not the only evidence of early Roman presence in the area:

  • A DNA marker for the Mi’kmaq people can be traced to the Mediterranean area.
  • A reported 50 terms are shared by the Mi’kmaq and Romans–most of them nautical.
  • The Romans used the plant  Berberis Vulgaris to prevent scurvy on long voyages. It is not indigenous to the Americas but has been found on Oak Island.
  • The Roman symbols shown below were found on Oak Island:

An enhanced photo of a rock found on Oak Island that J. Hutton Pulitzer believes may be inscribed with Roman symbols. (Courtesy of J. Hutton Pulitzer/InvestigatingHistory.com)


Photo credit: J. Hutton Pulitzer/InvestigatingHistory.com


Is there evidence of ancient Roman presence anywhere else in the Americas?

For years there have been rumors of Roman coins washing up on Beverly, Massachusetts beaches. Substantiating it has been difficult, but I did find one interesting article about coins found along the Chesapeake Bay.

I also found a report of Roman presence in Ohio about 70 AD.

There is a report of a Roman bust found in Mexico from 200 AD.

And coins found in Ohio and Kentucky.

Finally, there may have been an ancient Roman Christian colony outside Tucson, AZ dating about 700 AD.

Primary References on the Oak Island Sword:
And, of course, J. Hutton Pulitzer who has a YouTube channel.