Nabta Playa: Mapping distances to other galaxies?

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So far we have looked at two of the three layers for just one of the megalithic structure at Nabta Playa.  (Yes, there are more of these mysterious formations in the area–thirty, in fact.)

We have looked at the stone circle–the stone calendar on the top layer– and at a sculpture that may show the declination (movement) of the Galactic Center over the precessional cycle of 26,000 years.

The third and last layer is even more intriguing as it seems to be a map of our Galaxy.

Similar to the Sphinx at Giza, this is a bedrock sculpture–it is carved into the bedrock and, therefore, is not a separate piece of stone that could have been moved from elsewhere.

This bedrock sculpture is a stone disk and Thomas Brophy tells us there is another stone disk that could also represent the Milky Way–this one at Newgrange in Ireland.  (I could find no other reference to this.)

Here is the intriguing part:

The map of the galaxy is not from the perspective of earth.  It is from the perspective of a point in the heavens we have labeled the north galactic pole.  That point is not arbitrary. It is one designation in the galactic coordinate system which Wikipedia defines as, “a celestial coordinate system … with the Sun as its center, the primary direction aligned with the approximate center of the Milky Way galaxy, and the fundamental plane approximately in the galactic plane.” In other words, it is a system based on logic and it would be reasonable for anyone with knowledge of the galaxy to invent it and to use it.

While much of what is depicted on the Nabta Playa galaxy map could be observed with naked-eye astronomy, there are pieces that could not.  For instance the Sagittarius Dwarf Galaxy was not discovered until 1994. And that galaxy, it seems, is where our solar system comes from. Literally.

 

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Picture from http://www.solstation.com/x-objects/sag-deg.htm (original source unknown.)

 

And it is not just that our galaxy  and the entering Sagittarius Dwarf Galaxy are depicted, but all the features on the bedrock sculpture are depicted to scale.  Much like the monoliths on the top layer that align to the rising stars of Orion. (Their distances from center are proportional to their distances from earth.)

There is more:

The formation we have been discussing, “Complex Structure A” or CSA, is but one formation on the Nabta Playa.

“Complex Structure B” (CSB)  has also been excavated and there is a bedrock sculpture under that one, too. It has an uncanny resemblance to our nearest neighbor, the Andromeda Galaxy.  And the distance from CSA to CSB is proportional to the distance from our Galaxy to the Andromeda Galaxy.

Each of the thirty structures on the Nabta Playa seems to have its own bedrock. Hopefully one day our ground penetrating radar satellite technology will be good enough to tell us whether these, too, are sculptures and, if so, what they depict. Other Galaxies?

 

References:

Brophy, Thomas G. (2002). The Origin Map: Discovery of Prehistoric, Megalithic, Astrophysical Map and Sculpture of the Universe. Lincoln, NE: Writers Club Press. (This one is very technical.)

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Bauval, Robert & Brophy, PhD, Thomas (2011). Black Genesis: The Prehistoric Origins of Ancient Egypt.  Rochester, VT: Bear & Company.  (This one is easier to read.)

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